What is hernia and what are the laparoscopic surgical options available?
A hernia occurs when the contents of a body cavity protrude out of the membrane in which it is usually located in a surrounding muscle or connective tissue via a weak spot. Hernias may or may not show symptoms on their own because they are asymptomatic, and may cause mild to extreme pain.
There are various types of hernia namely- Inguinal (direct & indirect), Femoral, umbilical and ventral (Incisional, periumbilical and epigastric)
The term laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy can refer to any of the following three techniques:
- Totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair.
- Transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair.
- Intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM) repair.